We all have been asked in our school days, “what you want to be in the future ? ( बाड़े हों कर क्या बनना चहते हो ?)” I suppose, your answer would have been, “Doctor“. So, after passing 10th you began preparing for entrance exams to achieve your dream. You may have joined coaching institute or you have been studying from home. But let me ask one simple question, “Do you have any idea of MBBS course ?”, which you desire to pursue to get a “Dr.” tag. Well, some of you might have some idea and some might not. During my preparation days, I was one like you having little knowledge about the MBBS course and college life.
After passing your senior secondary or 12th or High School or PUC (Pre-University Course ), you will be appearing for Medical entrance exam ( NEET-UG, AIIMS & JIPMER). After successfully competing around 11 lakh Candidates (refer), your childhood dream will come true. You will start your undergraduate course. In India, for medical you will have to apply for MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery ) course & for dental you will have to apply for BDS ( Bachelor of Dental Surgery) course. In America, Europe and some asian countries (e.g.: Philippines) they call their undergraduate level medical course “M.D.” (Medicinae Doctor or Doctor of Medicine), which is equivalent to MBBS in India.
Now, you have a question, don’t you ? You have heard this “MD” word in India too. In India, “M.D.” (Doctor of Medicine) is a postgraduate course of 3 years duration, which is done after MBBS. Now, you know the difference of “M.D.” abroad and “M.D.” in India.
MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery) course is of 4 & 1/2 years and 1 year internship. Now these 4 & 1/2 years is divided into three professional years i.e. 1st professional, 2nd professional & 3rd professional. 3rd Professional which deals with clinical subjects is divided into Part I & Part II. Like all other university courses these Professional years are also divided into semesters (six months). MBBS course is of total 9 semesters while engineering courses are of 8 semesters (Fun fact : this is one reason, why doctors study more than engineers ).
Ist Professional Year
The First Professional year (or First year) of MBBS is of 1 year duration comprising of 2 semesters. In First year you will be taught Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry. These are pre-clinical Subjects therefore 1st Year is also called “Pre-clinical year”. Anatomy is vast Subject and it includes General Anatomy, Gross Anatomy, Histology, Neuroanatomy, Embryology, Genetics and Radiology basics. You will be stepping into dissection hall, where you will be doing all nasty work like cutting the cadaver (dead body) layer by layer and knowing about the organs, muscles, artery and nerves. It will be fun, isn’t it. So, when you select a college make sure that they have cadavers because not all colleges (mostly new collges) have cadavers and it can ruin your experience.
College Secret : The first year Subjects are the foundation for your medical career especially Anatomy, make sure study you study it well. The first year is also called “Iron Gate”, so if you pass it with good marks it will benefit you in future. If you fail in first professional exam then you will get another chance, this is called “supplementary exam” and if you pass in it then you will move to next professional year but in case if you fail then you have a year back (y.b.) and you will loose 1 important year.
IInd Professional Year
The IInd Professional year is of one and half year (18 months) duration comprising of 3 semesters (i.e. 3, 4 & 5th semester). Subjects covered are Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology and Forensic Medicine. These are para-clinical subjects. This is the longest professional year in whole MBBS course.
College Secret: Being longest year, it is apparently also a year when you feel relaxed and you have much of time left to engage in co-curricular activities of college. Most importantly, if you fail in 2nd professional exam and also in its supplementary exam, you will not get a year back (that means you won’t loose a year). You will be continuing next year along with your batchmates but you will have also clear Subject in which you have failed. Hence called “Honeymoon year” among medical student.
IIIrd Professional Part-I
The IIIrd Professional Part-I is also called 3rd Year. It is of 1 year duration comprising of 2 semesters (i.e. 6 & 7 semester). Now, clinical subjects will be taught. In Colleges which follows MCI guidelines (all Colleges except AIIMS & JIPMER), subjects taught are ENT(Ear, Nose & Throat), Opthalmology and CFM (Community & Family Medicine). While in AIIMS subjects taught are ENT(Ear, Nose & Throat), Opthalmology and Orthopaedics. At AIIMS, CFM is considered as Final year Subject. While Colleges under MCI doesn’t take Orthopaedics exam separately, it is included as part of Surgery.
College Secret: In 3rd year most students start taking coaching or online test series for PG Entrance exam, while some may stick to self study. Like 2nd year, there is also no year back in 3rd year.
IIIrd Professional Part-II or Final Year
Thr 3rd Professional Part-II or Final year is the toughest year in MBBS, with lots of subjects to study. It is of 1 year duration comprising of 2 semesters (i.e. 8 & 9th semester ). Subjects taught are Medicine, General Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Radiolgy, Anaesthesia, Pulmonary Medicine, Dentistry, Orthopaedics (MCI Colleges) and CFM (at AIIMS). After passing final year you will go for 1 year internship at the hospital and you will also receive stipend. Students who fail in any Subject will appear for supplementary exam and in case if he fails in that too then he will get a year back. Also after passing final year, you will apply for your registration at the state medical council.
After completing internship you will again be appearing for PG entrance exam (NEET-PG) and on successfully qualifying the exam you will get department as per your rank in merit list. In case, if you fail to get seat then you can prepare again or you can join any medical college as Junior resident (J.R.) or you can start your own private practice.
MBBS Fee Structure Click Here